Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

  • TBI logo A TBI is caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head or a penetrating head injury that disrupts the normal function of the brain. Not all blows or jolts to the head result in a TBI. The severity of a TBI may range from 'mild,' i.e., a brief change in mental status or consciousness to 'severe,' i.e., an extended period of unconsciousness or amnesia after the injury.

    TBI is complex and unpredictable in its outcomes. Serious injury can occur without obvious physical disabilities. Both mild and severe TBI can result in lifelong impairments - requiring long-term care services. In cases of stroke, drowning, or asphyxiation, the brain injury incurred is called an Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) and treatment and services may differ from those described herein.

    TBI Resulting From an Automobile Accident
    In Michigan, about 30% of traumatic brain injuries are caused by car crashes. Michigan has the most comprehensive no-fault automobile insurance system in the nation. The services provided to persons with TBI through automobile insurance companies are typically very good and comprehensive. More information can be found in A Consumer's Guide to No-Fault Automobile Insurance in Michigan.

    To avoid losing your benefits, immediate action needs to be taken by contacting the automobile insurance agent, or the Department of Insurance and Financial Services, PO Box 30220, Lansing, MI 48909-7720 or 877-999-6442.

    Michigan Enacts Sports Concussion Law
    Michigan was the 39th U.S. state to enact a law that regulates sports concussions and return to athletic activity. The law went into full effect on June 30, 2013. Learn more about the law at

    Federal Agency Honors Michigan's Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Online Training
    The Health Resources and Services Administration, a Department of Health and Human Services federal agency, awarded the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS) TBI Services and Prevention Council (SPC) the 2013 Federal TBI Program Award for Most Adapted State Agency Grant Product. This award recognizes Michigan for developing a widely used or recognized product that has been adapted for use in other states.

Educational Materials and Links

Michigan Veterans and TBI

  • Michigan Veterans and TBI United States FlagVeterans returning from combat may have a  traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused by direct or indirect involvement with an improvised explosive device (IED), mortars, grenades, bullets, car accidents or falls.

Medicaid and TBI

  • Brain Injury Services

    Medicaid will cover short-term, post-acute, comprehensive, intensive, goal-directed rehabilitation services for persons 21 or older with a brain injury.

Improving Services for TBI

  • MDCH Service Improvement Efforts

    The TBI Services and Prevention Council (SPC), advisors to MDCH for the TBI grant, helps guide MDCH and other public agencies in implementing the TBI systems change efforts.

    • Information on how to become part of the SPC as well as:
      • Annual highlights of the TBI grant.
      • Findings of a five-year study on how to best address the needs of Michigan citizens living with a disability due to TBI.