Alpena

Funds were set aside for a Thunder Bay Island lighthouse in 1830 and a lighthouse was successfully built by 1832.  Maritime traffic exceeded land transportation at the time and the county was not set off until nearly a decade later in 1840.   Alpena County was originally called Animickee after an Indian chief of the region.  Michigan geographer, geologist, and ethnologist, Henry Schoolcraft later refabricated a name to Alpena.  The land was originally surveyed in 1839 but Euro-Americans were slow to follow.   The waters of Thunder Bay and Thunder River were prized fishing grounds for indigenous bands and the native Americans were able to temporarily delay Euro-American settlement.  Schooners began to transport settlers in the late 1850s to the mouth of the Thunder River where Alpena, the main city of the county, developed. Along with farming, the lumber industry thrived in the area from the 1870s to a post WWII decline.  Fishing in the area retained its popularity for commercial and sport purposes.  The county is a popular resort area with both winter and summer sports including ship wreck diving in the Thunder Bay Underwater Preserve where schooners once plied in the hundreds.

Selected general works

Boulton, William.
Complete history [of] Alpena County, Michigan. 1964.
LIB OF MICH MICHIGAN 2N   F572.A4 B685 1964

History of the Lake Huron shore: with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers. 1883.
LIB OF MICH MICHIGAN 2N   Oversize F572.A15 H5 1883

Know your county: Alpena. 1971.
LIB OF MICH MICHIGAN 2N   F572.A4 K58 1971 

Oliver, David D.
Centennial history of Alpena County, Michigan: giving sketch of Michigan from its early settlement, fortunes and misfortunes of first settlers, the survey, settlement, and growth of Alpena County, from 1837 to 1876. 1968.
LIB OF MICH MICHIGAN 2N   F572.A4 O4 1968 

Waldron, George V.
Jule Chardin, or, The smugglers of Thunder Bay. 2007.
LIB OF MICH MICHIGAN 2N   F572.A4 W366 2007 

Selected newspapers

Alpena.
Alpena evening news. 1899 - 1914.
LIB OF MICH MICROFILM NEWSPAPERS 2S

Alpena.
Alpena frolic. 1875: June 1-1879: July.
LIB OF MICH MICROFILM NEWSPAPERS 2S

Alpena.
Alpena news. 1914 - 2018.
LIB OF MICH MICROFILM NEWSPAPERS 2S

Alpena.
Labor journal. 1885: Jan. 3-1890: Dec. 26.
LIB OF MICH MICROFILM NEWSPAPERS 2S

Alpena.
Alpena evening news. 1899-1914
LIB OF MICH MICROFILM NEWSPAPERS 2S

Selected plats, maps, and atlases

Farm & Home Publishers.
Alpena County, Michigan, 2007 plat book.2007.
LIB OF MICH MICHIGAN 2N   G1413.A6 G46 F37 2007 

Rockford Map Publishers.
Farm plat book with index to owners, Alpena County, Michigan. 1960.
LIB OF MICH MICHIGAN 2N   G 1413 .A6 R65  1960 

Rockford Map Publishers.
Land plat book with index to owners, Alpena County, Michigan. 1967, 1970, 1973.
LIB OF MICH MICHIGAN 2N   G1413.A6 R65

W.S. McAlpine Map Co.
Map of Alpena County, Michigan. 1949.
LIB OF MICH MICHIGAN FLAT FILE 2N  Undersize G4113.A6 1949. W3

Selected records, indexes, and transcriptions

Alpena County Fair: premium list. 1955, 1981.
LIB OF MICH MICHIGAN 2N   S555.M52 A5 

Alpena County, Michigan sesquicentennial: history & families, 1857-2007. 2007.
LIB OF MICH MICHIGAN 2N   F572.A4 A552 2007

Index of naturalization records at Alpena County Courthouse for the 26th Judicial Circuit, 1878-1978. 1980.
LIB OF MICH MICHIGAN 2N   F 572 .A4 I53 1980 

LaCross, Lorrie.
Cemetery records of Evergreen, Hebrew, and Grace Lutheran, Alpena, Michigan. 1999.
LIB OF MICH MICHIGAN 2N   F574.A58 L33 1999 

Stone inscriptions in Alpena County cemeteries. 1979.
LIB OF MICH MICHIGAN 2N   F572.A4 S86 1979 

Selected government publications

Alpena County
Directories. 1963 - 1985
LIB OF MICH MICHIGAN 2N   JS3.M52 A46z

Alpena County (Mich.). Board of Education.
Directory, Alpena County rural schools. 1959/1960.
LIB OF MICH MICHIGAN 2N   L163.A47 A47  1959/60 

Knowing the Thunder Bay region: a guide to northeastern Michigan / compiled by workers of the Writers' program of the Work projects administration in the state of Michigan. Publication 1941.
LIB OF MICH MICHIGAN 2N   F 572 .A15 W7

Michigan. Land Economic Survey Division.
Soil and lay of the land map of Alpena County / Michigan Department of Conservation, Land Economic Survey ; field work in cooperation with Michigan Agricultural College Experiment Station, Soils Section and U.S. Department of Agriculture Bureau of Soils and Bureau of Plant Industry. 1924.
LIB OF MICH MICH DOCS FLAT FILE 2N   G4113.A6J3 1924 .M5 c.2

U.S. Office of Economic Opportunity.
Community profile, Alpena County, Michigan. 1967.
LIB OF MICH US DOCS 4S   PrEx 10.9/5:Al 6 

Updated 10/25/2018